Kakkarissi Natakam

a folk theatre form of Kerala. Social satire is a distinct feature of this art form. Dance and songs are integral parts of a play. This form of theatre is believed to have originated in the later half of the 18th century. Kakkalan (hero) and Kakkathi (heroine) are the main characters of any play and hence the name Kakkarissi Natakam. This folk theatre is popular in the southern parts of the state.

Porattu Natakam

is somewhat similar to Kakkarissa Kali of southern Kerala. Unlike most traditional forms in Kerala, Porattu is secular in nature. The artists engaged in this profession belong to the Panan caste. This Panan caste is known for their excellence in singing. The plays are performed on a stage specially erected in an open field after harvest, with a front curtain separating the performers and audience.


A highly exuberant and cultural festival, this dance form usually comprises a troupe of 6 performers aping the movements of the majestic, predatory tigers. Their bodies are painted by the painstaking efforts of local artists in vibrant yellow and black to resemble an exact replica of a tiger. The paintings include the ferocious looking fangs and convincing headgear replete with ears paws with claws and long tail that conjures an accurate picture of the savage beast's graceful movements.


is a folk art performed during the 'Mandala Utsavam', forty-one day annual festival at the Lokanarkavu Bhagavathy Temple. Lokanarkavu temple is situated 5 km from Vatakara, a small town in Kerala state of south India. This dance, performed during the festival resembles the martial art Kalarippayattu. Many of the body postures, choreography and foot work of the Thacholikali characters are taken directly from Kalarippayattu.


is a widely popular folk dance of Tamil Nadu, being more common in the northern part of the state. It is usually conducted during the Tamil months of Panguni, i.e. mid-March to mid-April, and Aadi, i.e. mid-July to mid-August. Theru Koothu commonly occurs during the village festivities and become the centre of all fun, frolic and attention of the folk people.

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